The monumental (or heritage) trees initiative seeks to identify, recognize, and value urban and rural trees nationwide that stand out for their size, shape, age or for being main characters in myths, traditions or historical events. This initiative has its origins in Spain’s "Monumental Trees" Project and ANIA started it in Peru. It was inspired by "Meshi", the mother tree of the world, a central character in the story "El Gran Tesoro de la Naturaleza” [The Great Treasure of Nature].
In 2015, with the legal advice of the “Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental” [Peruvian Society of Environmental Law] through Alfredo Gálvez, Valmi Herrera’s leadership at the Municipality of Mariscal Nieto – Moquegua, and Christian Riveros’ technical advice at the “Administración Técnica Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre (ATTFS)” [Technical Administration for Forest and Wildlife Control (ATTFS)] – Moquegua – Tacna, a 150-year-old Molle Serrano was declared as the first "Monumental Tree" in Peru.
This first reference allows for the initiative to be replicated in other places. Currently there are 8 Monumental Trees nationwide thanks to the interest of local governments, the staff of the Technical Administration for Forest and Wildlife Control and the “Servicio Nacional Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre” [Forest and Wildlife National Service], and initiatives such as "Olivos Centenarios" [Centennial Olive Trees] by Gianfranco Vargas, olive growing researcher at the University of San Martín de Porres.
Today, the Peruvian Ministry of Environment (MINAM) has included as a Bicentennial (2021) goal that there be at least one monumental tree in each province of Peru. To achieve this objective and others, a technical committee has been set up consisting of the Ministry of the Environment, the Forest and Wildlife National Service, the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina [National Agrarian University – La Molina, APA [Peruvian Association of Arboriculture], and ANIA. Among other actions that will be undertaken, a Guide that guides local governments to identify a monumental tree and value it as an ecotourism resource and environmental education will be prepared, published, and disseminated.
ANIA also plans to write and publish a new Ania and Kin story called "La Comunidad de Meshi” [Meshi’s Community], so that children become fond of and value trees, especially old trees and their seeds, thereby actively participating in their care.
2015: "Molle Centenario"
Species: Molle Serrano
Scientific N.: Schinus molle
Location: Mariscal Nieto, Moquegua
Jr. 2 de mayo 237 - Barranco